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Full text of "The Fate Of Man In The Modern World"

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CHAPTER HI

NEW FORCES IN THE WORLD'S LIFE

NEW forces have entered world history. The
process of democratization began a long
time ago, but the end of the war witnessed the
complete occupation of the stage of history by
the mobilized masses. This is the basic factor
of modern history. Before this, the masses >had
never been permitted to occupy the9 centre of the
stage in any active role. But within history
itself there was steadily growing up what I call
the prosaicness of history: history has always
based itself upon large numbers—upon the collec-
tive. States and social institutions were always
created for the masses, for the average man and
not for the spiritual aristocracy. Man has always
been overwhelmed by large numbers; the
talented by the mass of the mediocre, quality by
quantity. But the large number, the collective,
never played so great a role as in our time. As I
said above, the masses once lived and grew as do
the plants., in organic structure and harmony, and
their life was ordered by positive religious beliefs.

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